Haiyan Gao


Henry Newson Professor of Physics

Prof. Gao's research focuses on understanding the structure of the nucleon in terms of quark and gluon degrees of freedom of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), search for QCD exotics, and fundamental symmetry studies at low energy to search for new physics beyond the Standard Model of electroweak interactions. Most of her work utilizes the novel experimental technique of scattering polarized electrons or photons from polarized gas targets. Over the years, her group built a number of state-of-the-art polarized gas targets including H/D internal gas target and a high-pressure polarized 3He target for photon experiments using the High Intensity Gamma Source (HIGS) facility at the Duke Free Electron Laser Laboratory (DFELL). Currently, her group and collaborators are focusing on a novel new experiment on a precise determination of the proton charge radius at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) in Newport News, VA, and the SoLID project aiming at a three-dimensional imaging of the internal structure of proton and neutron in momentum space, i.e. nucleon tomography, at JLab.  Her research is being carried out at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab),and the HIGS facility at DFELL.

Appointments and Affiliations

  • Henry Newson Professor of Physics
  • Professor of Physics
  • Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs at Duke Kunshan University
  • Professor of Physics at Duke Kunshan University

Contact Information

  • Office Location: Ffsc 2313, Science Drive, Durham, NC 27708
  • Office Phone: (919) 660-2622
  • Email Address: haiyan.gao@dku.edu.cn
  • Websites:


  • Ph.D. California Institute of Technology, 1994
  • B.S. Tsinghua University (China), 1988

Awards, Honors, and Distinctions

  • Henry Newson Professor of Physics. Duke. 2012
  • Changjiang Chair Professorship, Tsinghua University. Ministry of Education, China. 2009
  • Fellow. American Physical Society. 2007

Courses Taught

  • PHYSICS 493: Research Independent Study
  • PHYSICS 995: Graduate Training Internship

In the News

Representative Publications

  • Sulkosky, V; Jin, G; Long, E; Zhang, YW; Mihovilovic, M; Kelleher, A; Anderson, B; Higinbotham, DW; Širca, S; Allada, K; Annand, JRM; Averett, T; Bertozzi, W; Boeglin, W; Bradshaw, P; Camsonne, A; Canan, M; Cates, GD; Chen, C; Chen, JP; Chudakov, E; De Leo, R; Deng, X; Deur, A; Dutta, C; El Fassi, L; Flay, D; Frullani, S; Garibaldi, F; Gao, H; Gilad, S; Gilman, R; Glamazdin, O; Golge, S; Gomez, J; Hansen, JO; Holmstrom, T; Huang, J; Ibrahim, H; De Jager, CW; Jensen, E; Jiang, X; Jones, M; Kang, H; Katich, J; Khanal, HP; King, P; Korsch, W; Lerose, J; Lindgren, R; Lu, HJ; Luo, W; Markowitz, P; Meekins, D; Meziane, M; Michaels, R; Moffit, B; Monaghan, P; Muangma, N; Nanda, S; Norum, BE; Pan, K; Parno, D; Piasetzky, E; Posik, M; Punjabi, V; Puckett, AJR; Qian, X; Qiang, Y; Qui, X; Riordan, S; Saha, A; Sawatzky, B; Shabestari, M; Shahinyan, A; Shoenrock, B; John, JS; Subedi, R; Tobias, WA; Tireman, W; Urciuoli, GM; Wang, D; Wang, K; Wang, Y; Watson, J; Wojtsekhowski, B; Ye, Z; Zhan, X; Zhang, Y; Zheng, X; Zhao, B; Zhu, L, Extraction of the neutron electric form factor from measurements of inclusive double spin asymmetries, Physical Review C, vol 96 no. 6 (2017) [10.1103/PhysRevC.96.065206] [abs].
  • Sikora, MH; Ahmed, MW; Banu, A; Bartram, C; Crowe, B; Downie, EJ; Feldman, G; Gao, H; Grießhammer, HW; Hao, H; Howell, CR; Karwowski, HJ; Kendellen, DP; Kovash, MA; Li, X; Markoff, DM; Mikhailov, S; Popov, V; Pywell, RE; Silano, JA; Spraker, MC; Wallace, P; Weller, HR; Whisnant, CS; Wu, YK; Xiong, W; Yan, X; Zhao, ZW, Compton scattering from He 4 at 61 MeV, Physical Review C, vol 96 no. 5 (2017) [10.1103/PhysRevC.96.055209] [abs].
  • DeGrush, A; Maschinot, A; Akdogan, T; Alarcon, R; Bertozzi, W; Booth, E; Botto, T; Calarco, JR; Clasie, B; Crawford, C; Dow, K; Farkhondeh, M; Fatemi, R; Filoti, O; Franklin, W; Gao, H; Geis, E; Gilad, S; Hasell, DK; Karpius, P; Kohl, M; Kolster, H; Lee, T; Matthews, J; McIlhany, K; Meitanis, N; Milner, R; Rapaport, J; Redwine, R; Seely, J; Shinozaki, A; Sindile, A; Širca, S; Six, E; Smith, T; Tonguc, B; Tschalär, C; Tsentalovich, E; Turchinetz, W; Xiao, Y; Xu, W; Zhou, Z-L; Ziskin, V; Zwart, T; BLAST Collaboration,, Measurement of the Vector and Tensor Asymmetries at Large Missing Momentum in Quasielastic (e[over →],e^{'}p) Electron Scattering from Deuterium., Physical Review Letters, vol 119 no. 18 (2017) [10.1103/physrevlett.119.182501] [abs].
  • Ye, Z; Sato, N; Allada, K; Liu, T; Chen, JP; Gao, H; Kang, ZB; Prokudin, A; Sun, P; Yuan, F, Unveiling the nucleon tensor charge at Jefferson Lab: A study of the SoLID case, Physics Letters B, vol 767 (2017), pp. 91-98 [10.1016/j.physletb.2017.01.046] [abs].
  • Yan, X; Allada, K; Aniol, K; Annand, JRM; Averett, T; Benmokhtar, F; Bertozzi, W; Bradshaw, PC; Bosted, P; Camsonne, A; Canan, M; Cates, GD; Chen, C; Chen, JP; Chen, W; Chirapatpimol, K; Chudakov, E; Cisbani, E; Cornejo, JC; Cusanno, F; Dalton, MM; Deconinck, W; De Jager, CW; De Leo, R; Deng, X; Deur, A; Ding, H; Dolph, PAM; Dutta, C; Dutta, D; El Fassi, L; Frullani, S; Gao, H; Garibaldi, F; Gaskell, D; Gilad, S; Gilman, R; Glamazdin, O; Golge, S; Guo, L; Hamilton, D; Hansen, O; Higinbotham, DW; Holmstrom, T; Huang, J; Huang, M; Ibrahim, HF; Iodice, M; Jiang, X; Jin, G; Jones, MK; Katich, J; Kelleher, A; Kim, W; Kolarkar, A; Korsch, W; Lerose, JJ; Li, X; Li, Y; Lindgren, R; Liu, T; Liyanage, N; Long, E; Lu, HJ; Margaziotis, DJ; Markowitz, P; Marrone, S; McNulty, D; Meziani, ZE; Michaels, R; Moffit, B; Muñoz Camacho, C; Nanda, S; Narayan, A; Nelyubin, V; Norum, B; Oh, Y; Osipenko, M; Parno, D; Peng, JC; Phillips, SK; Posik, M; Puckett, AJR; Qian, X; Qiang, Y; Rakhman, A; Ransome, R, First measurement of unpolarized semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering cross sections from a He 3 target, Physical Review C, vol 95 no. 3 (2017) [10.1103/PhysRevC.95.035209] [abs].