Haiyan Gao

Gao

Henry W. Newson Distinguished Professor of Physics

Prof. Gao's research focuses on understanding the structure of the nucleon in terms of quark and gluon degrees of freedom of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), search for QCD exotics, and fundamental symmetry studies at low energy to search for new physics beyond the Standard Model of electroweak interactions. Most recently, her group's studies of the structure of the nucleon have been focusing on a precision measurement of the proton (see her group's 2019 Nature paper on this topic) and deuteron charge radii to elucidate on the proton and the deuteron charge radius puzzles, and on imaging the three-dimensional structure of the nucleon in momentum space through the extraction of transverse momentum dependent parton distribution functions (TMDs), employing polarized semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering processes. The nucleon tomography provided by TMDs will uncover the rich QCD dynamics, and provide quantitative information about the quark orbital angular momentum contribution to the proton spin. TMDs will also provide information on fundamental quantities such as the tensor charge of the nucleon, a quantity not only important for testing lattice QCD predictions, but also important for searches of new physics beyond the Standard Model together with the next generation of nucleon electric dipole moment experiments. Her group is playing leading roles in the Solenoidal Large Intensity Device (SoLID) project at Jefferson Lab, a high profile program which will make major impact on TMD physics, proton mass puzzle through precision measurement of J/psi production near threshold, and search for new physics beyond the Standard Model using parity-violating deep inelastic scattering. Most of her work utilizes the novel experimental technique of scattering polarized electrons or photons from polarized gas targets. Her group has built a number of state-of-the-art polarized gas targets including H/D internal gas target and a high-pressure polarized 3He target for photon experiments using the High Intensity Gamma Source (HIGS) facility at the Duke Free Electron Laser Laboratory (DFELL). Her research is being carried out mostly at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) in Newport News, Virginia, and the HIGS facility at DFELL.

Appointments and Affiliations

  • Henry W. Newson Distinguished Professor of Physics
  • Professor of Physics

Contact Information

  • Office Location: Ffsc 2313, Science Drive, Durham, NC 27708
  • Office Phone: (919) 660-2622
  • Email Address: haiyan.gao@duke.edu
  • Websites:

Education

  • Ph.D. California Institute of Technology, 1994
  • B.S. Tsinghua University (China), 1988

Awards, Honors, and Distinctions

  • Henry Newson Professor of Physics. Duke. 2012
  • Fellow. American Physical Society. 2007
  • The Outstanding Junior faculty Investigator (OJI) Award. The US Department of Energy. 2000

Courses Taught

  • PHYSICS 362D: Electricity and Magnetism
  • PHYSICS 493: Research Independent Study
  • PHYSICS 791: Special Readings
  • PHYSICS 805: Electromagnetic and Weak Interactions in Nuclear Physics

In the News

Representative Publications

  • Arrington, J; Battaglieri, M; Boehnlein, A; Bogacz, SA; Brooks, WK; Chudakov, E; Cloët, I; Ent, R; Gao, H; Grames, J; Harwood, L; Ji, X; Keppel, C; Krafft, G; McKeown, RD; Napolitano, J; Qiu, JW; Rossi, P; Schram, M; Stepanyan, S; Stevens, J; Szczepaniak, AP; Toro, N; Zheng, X, Physics with CEBAF at 12 GeV and future opportunities, Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, vol 127 (2022) [10.1016/j.ppnp.2022.103985] [abs].
  • Ablikim, M; Achasov, MN; Adlarson, P; Albrecht, M; Aliberti, R; Amoroso, A; An, MR; An, Q; Bai, XH; Bai, Y; Bakina, O; Baldini, FR; Balossino, I; Ban, Y; Batozskaya, V; Becker, D; Begzsuren, K; Berger, N; Bertani, M; Bettoni, D; Bianchi, F; Bloms, J; Bortone, A; Boyko, I; Briere, RA; Brueggemann, A; Cai, H; Cai, X; Calcaterra, A; Cao, GF; Cao, N; Cetin, SA; Chang, JF; Chang, WL; Chelkov, G; Chen, C; Chen, G; Chen, HS; Chen, ML; Chen, SJ; Chen, SM; Chen, T; Chen, XR; Chen, XT; Chen, YB; Chen, ZJ; Cheng, WS; Chu, X; Cibinetto, G; Cossio, F; Cui, JJ; Dai, HL; Dai, JP; Dbeyssi, A; de, BRE; Dedovich, D; Deng, ZY; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; De, MF; Ding, Y; Dong, J; Dong, LY; Dong, MY; Dong, X; Du, SX; Egorov, P; Fan, YL; Fang, J; Fang, SS; Fang, WX; Fang, Y; Farinelli, R; Fava, L; Feldbauer, F; Felici, G; Feng, CQ; Feng, JH; Fischer, K; Fritsch, M; Fritzsch, C; Fu, CD; Gao, H; Gao, YN; Gao, Y; Garbolino, S; Garzia, I; Ge, PT; Ge, ZW; Geng, C; Gersabeck, EM; Gilman, A; Goetzen, K; Gong, L; Gong, WX; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, LM, Luminosities and energies of e + e − collision data taken between =4.61 GeV and 4.95 GeV at BESIII* * Supported in part by National Key R&D Program of China (2020YFA0406400, 2020YFA0406300); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (11635010, 11735014, 11805086, 11835012, 11935015, 11935016, 11935018, 11961141012, 12022510, 12025502, 12035009, 12035013, 12192260, 12192261, 12192262, 12192263, 12192264, 12192265); the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) Large-Scale Scientific Facility Program; Joint Large-Scale Scientific Facility Funds of the NSFC and CAS (U1832207); CAS Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences (QYZDJ-SSW-SLH040); 100 Talents Program of CAS; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, Lanzhou University, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences; The Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics (INPAC) and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology; ERC (758462); European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement ( 894790); German Research Foundation DFG (443159800), Collaborative Research Center CRC 1044, GRK 2149; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Italy; Ministry of Development of Turkey (DPT2006K-120470); National Science and Technology fund; National Science Research and Innovation Fund (NSRF) via the Program Management Unit for Human Resources & Institutional Development, Research and Innovation (B16F640076); STFC (United Kingdom); Suranaree University of Technology (SUT), Thailand Science Research and Innovation (TSRI), and National Science Research and Innovation Fund (NSRF) (160355); The Royal Society, UK (DH140054, DH160214); The Swedish Research Council; U. S. Department of Energy (DE-FG02-05ER41374), Chinese Physics C, vol 46 no. 11 (2022) [10.1088/1674-1137/ac84cc] [abs].
  • Ablikim, M; Achasov, MN; Adlarson, P; Albrecht, M; Aliberti, R; Amoroso, A; An, MR; An, Q; Bai, XH; Bai, Y; Bakina, O; Ferroli, RB; Balossino, I; Ban, Y; Batozskaya, V; Becker, D; Begzsuren, K; Berger, N; Bertani, M; Bettoni, D; Bianchi, F; Bloms, J; Bortone, A; Boyko, I; Briere, RA; Brueggemann, A; Cai, H; Cai, X; Calcaterra, A; Cao, GF; Cao, N; Cetin, SA; Chang, JF; Chang, WL; Chelkov, G; Chen, C; Chen, G; Chen, HS; Chen, ML; Chen, SJ; Chen, SM; Chen, T; Chen, XR; Chen, XT; Chen, YB; Chen, ZJ; Cheng, WS; Choi, SK; Chu, X; Cibinetto, G; Cossio, F; Cui, JJ; Dai, HL; Dai, JP; Dbeyssi, A; De Boer, RE; Dedovich, D; Deng, ZY; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; De Mori, F; Ding, Y; Dong, J; Dong, LY; Dong, MY; Dong, X; Du, SX; Egorov, P; Fan, YL; Fang, J; Fang, SS; Fang, WX; Fang, Y; Farinelli, R; Fava, L; Feldbauer, F; Felici, G; Feng, CQ; Feng, JH; Fischer, K; Fritsch, M; Fritzsch, C; Fu, CD; Gao, H; Gao, YN; Gao, Y; Garbolino, S; Garzia, I; Ge, PT; Ge, ZW; Geng, C; Gersabeck, EM; Gilman, A; Gong, L; Gong, WX; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, LM, Measurement of e+e- →π+π-D+D- cross sections at center-of-mass energies from 4.190 to 4.946 GeV, Physical Review D, vol 106 no. 5 (2022) [10.1103/PhysRevD.106.052012] [abs].
  • Ablikim, M; Achasov, MN; Adlarson, P; Albrecht, M; Aliberti, R; Amoroso, A; An, MR; An, Q; Bai, XH; Bai, Y; Bakina, O; Baldini Ferroli, R; Balossino, I; Ban, Y; Batozskaya, V; Becker, D; Begzsuren, K; Berger, N; Bertani, M; Bettoni, D; Bianchi, F; Bloms, J; Bortone, A; Boyko, I; Briere, RA; Brueggemann, A; Cai, H; Cai, X; Calcaterra, A; Cao, GF; Cao, N; Cetin, SA; Chang, JF; Chang, WL; Chelkov, G; Chen, C; Chen, C; Chen, G; Chen, HS; Chen, ML; Chen, SJ; Chen, SM; Chen, T; Chen, XR; Chen, XT; Chen, YB; Chen, ZJ; Cheng, WS; Choi, SK; Chu, X; Cibinetto, G; Cossio, F; Cui, JJ; Dai, HL; Dai, JP; Dbeyssi, A; de Boer, RE; Dedovich, D; Deng, ZY; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; De Mori, F; Ding, Y; Dong, J; Dong, LY; Dong, MY; Dong, X; Du, SX; Egorov, P; Fan, YL; Fang, J; Fang, SS; Fang, WX; Fang, Y; Farinelli, R; Fava, L; Feldbauer, F; Felici, G; Feng, CQ; Feng, JH; Fischer, K; Fritsch, M; Fritzsch, C; Fu, CD; Gao, H; Gao, YN; Gao, Y; Garbolino, S; Garzia, I; Ge, PT; Ge, ZW; Geng, C; Gersabeck, EM; Gilman, A; Goetzen, K; Gong, L; Gong, WX; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, LM; Gu, MH; Gu, YT; Guan, CY; Guo, AQ; Guo, LB; Guo, RP; Guo, YP; Guskov, A; Han, TT; Han, WY; Hao, XQ; Harris, FA; He, KK; He, KL; Heinsius, FH; Heinz, CH; Heng, YK; Herold, C; Himmelreich, M; Hou, GY; Hou, YR; Hou, ZL; Hu, HM; Hu, JF; Hu, T; Hu, Y; Huang, GS; Huang, KX; Huang, LQ; Huang, XT; Huang, YP; Huang, Z; Hussain, T; Hüsken, N; Imoehl, W; Irshad, M; Jackson, J; Jaeger, S; Janchiv, S; Jang, E; Jeong, JH; Ji, Q; Ji, QP; Ji, XB; Ji, XL; Ji, YY; Jia, ZK; Jiang, HB; Jiang, SS; Jiang, XS; Jiang, Y; Jiao, JB; Jiao, Z; Jin, S; Jin, Y; Jing, MQ; Johansson, T; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kang, XS; Kappert, R; Ke, BC; Keshk, IK; Khoukaz, A; Kiese, P; Kiuchi, R; Kliemt, R; Koch, L; Kolcu, OB; Kopf, B; Kuemmel, M; Kuessner, M; Kupsc, A; Kühn, W; Lane, JJ; Lange, JS; Larin, P; Lavania, A; Lavezzi, L; Lei, ZH; Leithoff, H; Lellmann, M; Lenz, T; Li, C; Li, CH; Li, C; Li, DM; Li, F; Li, G; Li, H; Li, HB; Li, HJ; Li, HN; Li, JQ; Li, JS; Li, JW; Li, K; Li, LJ; Li, LK; Li, L; Li, MH; Li, PR; Li, SX; Li, SY; Li, T; Li, WD; Li, WG; Li, XH; Li, XL; Li, X; Liang, H; Liang, YF; Liang, YT; Liao, GR; Liao, LZ; Libby, J; Limphirat, A; Lin, CX; Lin, DX; Lin, T; Liu, BJ; Liu, CX; Liu, D; Liu, FH; Liu, F; Liu, F; Liu, GM; Liu, H; Liu, HB; Liu, HM; Liu, H; Liu, H; Liu, JB; Liu, JL; Liu, JY; Liu, K; Liu, KY; Liu, K; Liu, L; Liu, L; Liu, MH; Liu, PL; Liu, Q; Liu, SB; Liu, T; Liu, WK; Liu, WM; Liu, X; Liu, Y; Liu, YB; Liu, ZA; Liu, ZQ; Lou, XC; Lu, FX; Lu, HJ; Lu, JG; Lu, XL; Lu, Y; Lu, YP; Lu, ZH; Luo, CL; Luo, MX; Luo, T; Luo, XL; Lyu, XR; Lyu, YF; Ma, FC; Ma, HL; Ma, LL; Ma, MM; Ma, QM; Ma, RQ; Ma, RT; Ma, XY; Ma, Y; Maas, FE; Maggiora, M; Maldaner, S; Malde, S; Malik, QA; Mangoni, A; Mao, YJ; Mao, ZP; Marcello, S; Meng, ZX; Messchendorp, JG; Mezzadri, G; Miao, H; Min, TJ; Mitchell, RE; Mo, XH; Muchnoi, NY; Nefedov, Y; Nerling, F; Nikolaev, IB; Ning, Z; Nisar, S; Niu, Y; Olsen, SL; Ouyang, Q; Pacetti, S; Pan, X; Pan, Y; Pathak, A; Pelizaeus, M; Peng, HP; Peters, K; Ping, JL; Ping, RG; Plura, S; Pogodin, S; Prasad, V; Qi, FZ; Qi, H; Qi, HR; Qi, M; Qi, TY; Qian, S; Qian, WB; Qian, Z; Qiao, CF; Qin, JJ; Qin, LQ; Qin, XP; Qin, XS; Qin, ZH; Qiu, JF; Qu, SQ; Rashid, KH; Redmer, CF; Ren, KJ; Rivetti, A; Rodin, V; Rolo, M; Rong, G; Rosner, C; Ruan, SN; Sang, HS; Sarantsev, A; Schelhaas, Y; Schnier, C; Schönning, K; Scodeggio, M; Shan, KY; Shan, W; Shan, XY; Shangguan, JF; Shao, LG; Shao, M; Shen, CP; Shen, HF; Shen, XY; Shi, BA; Shi, HC; Shi, JY; Shi, QQ; Shi, RS; Shi, X; Shi, XD; Song, JJ; Song, WM; Song, YX; Sosio, S; Spataro, S; Stieler, F; Su, KX; Su, PP; Su, YJ; Sun, GX; Sun, H; Sun, HK; Sun, JF; Sun, L; Sun, SS; Sun, T; Sun, WY; Sun, X; Sun, YJ; Sun, YZ; Sun, ZT; Tan, YH; Tan, YX; Tang, CJ; Tang, GY; Tang, J; Tao, LY; Tao, QT; Tat, M; Teng, JX; Thoren, V; Tian, WH; Tian, Y; Uman, I; Wang, B; Wang, BL; Wang, CW; Wang, DY; Wang, F; Wang, HJ; Wang, HP; Wang, K; Wang, LL; Wang, M; Wang, MZ; Wang, M; Wang, S; Wang, T; Wang, TJ; Wang, W; Wang, WH; Wang, WP; Wang, X; Wang, XF; Wang, XL; Wang, Y; Wang, YD; Wang, YF; Wang, YH; Wang, YQ; Wang, Y; Wang, Z; Wang, ZY; Wang, Z; Wei, DH; Weidner, F; Wen, SP; White, DJ; Wiedner, U; Wilkinson, G; Wolke, M; Wollenberg, L; Wu, JF; Wu, LH; Wu, LJ; Wu, X; Wu, XH; Wu, Y; Wu, Z; Xia, L; Xiang, T; Xiao, D; Xiao, GY; Xiao, H; Xiao, SY; Xiao, YL; Xiao, ZJ; Xie, C; Xie, XH; Xie, Y; Xie, YG; Xie, YH; Xie, ZP; Xing, TY; Xu, CF; Xu, CJ; Xu, GF; Xu, HY; Xu, QJ; Xu, XP; Xu, YC; Xu, ZP; Yan, F; Yan, L; Yan, WB; Yan, WC; Yang, HJ; Yang, HL; Yang, HX; Yang, L; Yang, SL; Yang, T; Yang, YF; Yang, YX; Yang, Y; Ye, M; Ye, MH; Yin, JH; You, ZY; Yu, BX; Yu, CX; Yu, G; Yu, T; Yuan, CZ; Yuan, L; Yuan, SC; Yuan, XQ; Yuan, Y; Yuan, ZY; Yue, CX; Zafar, AA; Zeng, FR; Zeng, X; Zeng, Y; Zhan, YH; Zhang, AQ; Zhang, BL; Zhang, BX; Zhang, DH; Zhang, GY; Zhang, H et al., Precise Measurements of Decay Parameters and CP Asymmetry with Entangled Λ-Λ[over ¯] Pairs., Physical Review Letters, vol 129 no. 13 (2022) [10.1103/physrevlett.129.131801] [abs].
  • Liang, Y; Tvaskis, V; Christy, ME; Ahmidouch, A; Armstrong, CS; Arrington, J; Asaturyan, R; Avery, S; Baker, OK; Beck, DH; Blok, HP; Bochna, CW; Boeglin, W; Bosted, P; Bouwhuis, M; Breuer, H; Brown, DS; Bruell, A; Carlini, RD; Cha, J; Chant, NS; Cochran, A; Cole, L; Danagoulian, S; Day, DB; Dunne, J; Dutta, D; Ent, R; Fenker, HC; Fox, B; Gan, L; Gao, H; Garrow, K; Gaskell, D; Gasparian, A; Geesaman, DF; Gilman, R; Guèye, PLJ; Harvey, M; Holt, RJ; Jiang, X; Jones, M; Keppel, CE; Kinney, E; Lorenzon, W; Lung, A; Mack, DJ; Markowitz, P; Martin, JW; Mcilhany, K; Mckee, D; Meekins, D; Miller, MA; Milner, RG; Mitchell, JH; Mkrtchyan, H; Mueller, BA; Nathan, A; Niculescu, G; Niculescu, I; O'neill, TG; Papavassiliou, V; Pate, SF; Piercey, RB; Potterveld, D; Ransome, RD; Reinhold, J; Rollinde, E; Rondon, O; Roos, P; Sarty, AJ; Sawafta, R; Schulte, EC; Segbefia, E; Smith, C; Stepanyan, S; Strauch, S; Tadevosyan, V; Tang, L; Tieulent, R; Uzzle, A; Vulcan, WF; Wood, SA; Xiong, F; Yuan, L; Zeier, M; Zihlmann, B; Ziskin, V, Measurement of R=σL/σT and the separated longitudinal and transverse structure functions in the nucleon-resonance region, Physical Review C, vol 105 no. 6 (2022) [10.1103/PhysRevC.105.065205] [abs].